On the Experience of Studying Internal Recurrent Labor Migration at the Regional and City Levels

Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research


2017, Vol. 3. №3

On the Experience of Studying Internal Recurrent Labor Migration at the Regional and City Levels

For citation: Batyreva M. V., Selezneva T. A. 2017. “On the Experience of Studying Internal Recurrent Labor Migration at the Regional and City Levels”. Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research, vol. 3, no 3, pp. 45-57. DOI: 10.21684/2411-7897-2017-3-3-45-57

About the authors:

Maria V. Batyreva, Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Associate Professor, Department of General and Economic Sociology, University of Tyumen; m.v.batyreva@utmn.ru

Tatyana A. Selezneva, Undergraduate Student, Speciality “Sociology”, University of Tyumen; selezneva1996@mail.ru


This article deals with the methodology and procedure of researching internal recurrent labor migration at the regional and city levels. This form of migration assumes that people permanently reside outside the boundaries of the city where they work. Most often these people do not register at the place of their residence, thus, as a result, official statistics do not contain information about them.

Recurrent labor migration affects the state of local labor markets, socio-economic development and demographic situation of regions and municipalities. Therefore, it is important to obtain research data on the proportion of recurrent migrant workers in the total employment. The authors' interest in the topic is also connected with the need to define the boundaries of local labor markets for regional centers of the Urals Federal District. This need arose during the grant work of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research.

The article analyzes the experience of domestic studies of temporary and pendulum migration, starting from the 2000s, and describes their own experience in obtaining such data. According to the research results, the share of return migrant workers in the total number of the employed in different regions and municipalities varies from 2% to 25%. This spread in the data is associated with the differentiation of social and economic development of Russian regions and cities.

The analysis of existing research works has shown that recurrent labor migration is a common way of solving employment problems and providing a higher standard of living for residents of small towns and villages. This form of migration, on the one hand, can contribute to the social and economic development of small towns and villages due to the inflow of money through migrants, but on the other hand, it leads to the outflow of qualified personnel to large cities.

Studies of recurrent migration are important because they provide opportunities to study the actual size of urban agglomerations and predict their future spatial development.


  1. Aguzarova L. A., Besolov S. E. 2013. “Problemy vnutrenney trudovoy migratsii v Rossiyskoy Federatsii i puti ikh resheniya” [Problems of Internal Labor Migration in the Russian Federation and Ways to Solve Them]. Prostranstvo ekonomiki, no 3-3, pp. 31-34. Accessed 25 August 2017. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/v/problemy-vnutrenney-trudovoy-migratsii-v-rossiyskoy-federatsii-i-p... 
  2. Badmakhalgaev L. Ts., Mendyaev B. A., Petrov Ch. V., Khulkhachieva V. B., Baraev S. V. 2017. “Analiz vnutrenney trudovoy migratsii naseleniya Rossiyskoy Federatsii” [Analysis of Internal Labor Migration of the Population of the Russian Federation]. UEkS, no 5 (99), pp. 41-54. Accessed 25 August 2017. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/analiz-vnutrenney-trudovoy-migratsii-naseleniya-rossiyskoy-federat...
  3. Dorofeeva L. A., Kasyanova E. A. 2011. “Mayatnikovaya migratsiya naseleniya v Krasnoyarskoy gorodskoy aglomeratsii (na primere naselennykh punktov Emel'yanovskogo rayona)” [Pendulum Migration of the Population in the Krasnoyarsk Urban Agglomeration (On the Example of the Settlements of Emelyanovskiy District)]. Izvestiya Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya “Nauki o Zemle”, vol. 20, pp. 25-42. 
  4. Edinyy arkhiv ekonomicheskikh i sotsiologicheskikh dannykh [Joint Economic and Social Data Archive]. http://sophist.hse.ru/
  5. Zhidkevich N. N. 2011. “Sotsial'nyy portret sovremennogo rossiyskogo otkhodnika” [Social Portrait of the Modern Russian Migrant Worker]. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsial'noy antropologii, vol. 19, no 1 (84), pp. 73-89. 
  6. Zhurenkov K., Portnyagina M. 2013. “Za dal'nim rublem” [Behind the Far Ruble]. Ogonek, 11 November, p. 4. 
  7. Zayonchkovskaya Zh. A. 2001. “Trudovaya migratsiya v SNG s pozitsiy obshchestva, sem'i i lichnosti” [Labor Migration in the CIS from the Positions of Society, Family and Individual]. In: Vorobyova O. D. (ed.). 2001. Migratsiya naseleniya. Vol. 2. Trudovaya migratsiya v Rossii. Prilozhenie k zhurnalu “Migratsiya v Rossii”, pp. 3-27. Moscow: Ministry for Federation, National and Migration Policy Affairs.
  8. Zayonchkovskaya Zh. A., Karachurina L. B., Florinskaya Yu. F., Mkrtchyan N. V. 2015. “Migratsiya naseleniya” [Population Migration]. In: Zakharov S. V. (ed.). Population of Russia 2013: The Twenty-first Annual Demographic Report, pp. 296-357. Мoscow: HSE.
  9. Ivanova T. D. 2011. “Trudovaya migratsiya rossiyan: ekonomicheskie i sotsial'nye effekty (po rezul'tatam sotsiologicheskogo issledovaniya)” [Labor Migration of Russians: Economic and Social Effects (According to the Results of a Sociological Survey)]. Problemy prognozirovaniya, no 4, pp. 82-98. 
  10. Karachurina L. B., Blanter S., Roshchina T. G. 2006. “Osobennosti sovremennogo etapa mayatnikovoy migratsii v Moskvu” [Features of the Current Stage of the Pendulum Migration in Moscow]. In: Molodikova I. (ed.). 2006. Migratsiya v zerkale stran SNG (molodezhnyy rakurs), pp. 226-247. Мoscow: Center for Migration Studies.
  11. Finmarket. 2013. “Milliony rossiyan spryatalis' ot gosudarstva” [Millions of Russians Hid from the State]. IA ‘Finmarket’, 29 October. Accessed 20 August 2017. http://www.finmarket.ru/life/article/3533930 
  12. Mkrtchyan N. V. 2015. “Vnutrennyaya trudovaya migratsiya v Rossii” [Internal Labor Migration in Russia]. In: Yasin E. G. (ed.). 2015. XV Aprel'skaya mezhdunarodnaya nauchnaya konferentsiya po problemam razvitiya ekonomiki i obshchestva: v 4 knigakh, vol. 3, pp. 62-68. Мoscow: HSE.
  13. Mkrtchyan N. V., Florinskaya Yu. F. 2016. “Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie effekty trudovoy migratsii iz malykh gorodov Rossii” [Socio-Economic Effects of Labor Migration from Small Cities of Russia]. Voprosy ekonomiki, no 4, pp. 103-123.
  14. Roshchina T. G. 2003. “Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie aspekty trudovoy migratsii” [Socio-Economic Aspects of Labor Migration]. Nauchnye trudy: Institut narodnokhozyaystvennogo prognozirovaniya RAN, no 1, pp. 399-417. Accessed 05 August 2017. http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sotsialno-ekonomicheskie-aspekty-trudovoy-migratsi
  15. Shitova Yu. Yu., Shitov Yu. A. 2012. “GIS-monitoring mayatnikovoy trudovoy migratsii kak zadacha regional'nogo upravleniya” [GIS-monitoring of Pendulum Labor Migration as a Task of Regional Management]. Sovremennye tekhnologii upravleniya, no 2 (62). Accessed 15 August 2017. http://sovman.ru/article/6206/ 
  16. Eldyaeva N. A., Dzhambieva E. S., Muchkaev D. M. 2011. “Analiz vnutrenney trudovoy migratsii naseleniya regiona” [Analysis of Internal Labor Migration of the Population of the Region]. Uchenye zapiski Rossiyskogo gosudarstvennogo sotsial'nogo universiteta, no 9 (2), pp. 115-120. Accessed 5 August 2017. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/v/analiz-vnutrenney-trudovoy-migratsii-naseleniya-regiona