Release:2017, Vol. 3. №3
About the authors:Maria V. Batyreva, Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Associate Professor, Department of General and Economic Sociology, University of Tyumen; email@example.com
This article deals with the methodology and procedure of researching internal recurrent labor migration at the regional and city levels. This form of migration assumes that people permanently reside outside the boundaries of the city where they work. Most often these people do not register at the place of their residence, thus, as a result, official statistics do not contain information about them.
Recurrent labor migration affects the state of local labor markets, socio-economic development and demographic situation of regions and municipalities. Therefore, it is important to obtain research data on the proportion of recurrent migrant workers in the total employment. The authors' interest in the topic is also connected with the need to define the boundaries of local labor markets for regional centers of the Urals Federal District. This need arose during the grant work of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research.
The article analyzes the experience of domestic studies of temporary and pendulum migration, starting from the 2000s, and describes their own experience in obtaining such data. According to the research results, the share of return migrant workers in the total number of the employed in different regions and municipalities varies from 2% to 25%. This spread in the data is associated with the differentiation of social and economic development of Russian regions and cities.
The analysis of existing research works has shown that recurrent labor migration is a common way of solving employment problems and providing a higher standard of living for residents of small towns and villages. This form of migration, on the one hand, can contribute to the social and economic development of small towns and villages due to the inflow of money through migrants, but on the other hand, it leads to the outflow of qualified personnel to large cities.
Studies of recurrent migration are important because they provide opportunities to study the actual size of urban agglomerations and predict their future spatial development.