Release:2017, Vol. 3. №2
About the author:Natalia G. Semova, Cand. Sci. (Ped.), Associate Professor, Department of Mathematical Methods, IT and Systems of Management in Economics, Tyumen State University; email@example.com
This paper analyzes various scientific approaches on the state’s role in economy in general and in investment policy in particular. Now the role of the state in economy is growing all over the world. It is shown that scientific concepts follow conditionally two global directions. The first of them presumes that public policy can have either a positive or a negative impact on economic growth, depending on the priorities or selected tools. The second direction supposes that states aim at extracting rent, that all their activities are illegitimate as they try to maximize their share in the national income and, thereby, they take away resources from the private sector; they participate in investing, but intervene in conflicts and provide protection to privileged workers’ groups.
Empirical data represents investments in fixed assets and foreign direct investment at the level of the Tyumen Region, in comparison with other regions of the Urals Federal District. It is shown that at the present time in the Tyumen Region there is a decrease in the level of physical volume of investments in fixed assets. The structure of investment has been completely rebuilt over the past 15 years. This restructuring led to a threat of braking the further development of the region, the ineffectiveness of the infrastructure for supporting investment activities. It is noted that there are fundamental differences in the evaluation of the investment activities of the elites of the Tyumen Region and pro-government agencies.
Our results are reflected in the results of other independent agencies, e.g., RAEX (“RA Expert”). The risks of investment activity in the Tyumen region are mainly of an institutional nature. However, there are also social risks caused by skewed labor preferences of workers.