Release:2017, Vol. 3. №2
About the authors:Dinara G. Mamrayeva, Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Associate Professor, Department of Marketing, Karaganda State University named after academician Ye. A. Buketov; email@example.com
The paper studies quantitative values and indices describing the inventive activity in Kazakhstan for the period from 2007 to 2015.
The emphasis is placed on the analysis of the number of patents granted for inventions, industrial prototypes, utility models and trademarks. The paper shows how patent applications are distributed between domestic and foreign applicants by main classes in accordance with the International Patent Classification. The major part of patent applications is accounted for representatives of countries such as USA (28%), Russia (18%) and Germany (18%). According to the International Patent Classification, a significant number of titles of protection is issued in the following areas: Human Necessities (485 patents and innovation patents), Chemistry and Metallurgy (371), Various Process Operations (191), Mechanical Engineering, Lighting, Heating (167), Construction and Mining (137).
There is a progressive trend in the licensed trade in intellectual property in Kazakhstan. Nevertheless, many enterprises are still characterized by low innovative activity that is proved by the fact that only 3 to 6 percent of invention contracts registered in the country find their practical use. The share of innovative products in the Gross Domestic Product accounts for less than 1%. The paper presents findings of an expert survey that revealed problems facing enterprises in the process of their innovative activity and the commercialization of intellectual deliverables. As the survey shows, the major obstacles hindering the innovative activity of enterprises are excess bureaucracy, traditional conservatism of key economic sectors in the region, the lack of innovation culture and managerial personnel. According to respondents, the most effective measures of state support are improvement of higher education, tax incentives, legislation, and investments to create a full-fledged innovation infrastructure.