The Legal Status of Sports Agent

Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research


Release:

2017, Vol. 3. №1

Title: 
The Legal Status of Sports Agent


For citation: Popova Yu. P. 2017. “The Legal Status of Sports Agent”. Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research, vol. 3, no 1, pp. 172-186. DOI: 10.21684/2411-7897-2017-3-1-172-186

About the author:

Yuliya P. Popova, Cand. Sci. (Jur.), Senior Lecturer, Department of Criminal Law and Process, Institute for State and Law, Tyumen State University; popova1976@yandex.ru

Abstract:

The article analyses certain provisions of the Federal Law of November 22, 2016 no 396-FZ “On the Amendments to the Federal Law ‘On Physical Culture and Sport in the Russian Federation’ in the Part of Regulation of Sports of the Higher Achievements and Professional Sports”. For the first time the Federal Law regulates the legal status of sports agent. The Agency activities in the sports field used to be regulated exclusively by local corporate acts adopted on the basis of the major sports organizations. Currently, the legal status of sports agent is inconclusive. Alongside with the rights and responsibilities sporting sanctions are described, and there is (only partially) criminal liability. The administrative and criminal liability for illegal participation in games of chance is not provided, which includes betting offices and totalizators sports agents, as well as the sportsmen, sports judges, trainers, heads of sports teams and other participants of official sports competitions. The paper argues the need to include a sports agent in the number of independent subjects of responsibility for the provision of illegal influence on the results of official sports competitions and entertainment commercial contest. According to the existing interpretation of the rules, they can be only an accomplice in the crimes enshrined in article 184 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. In the procedure of law making, the legislator is requested to eliminate the deficiencies in the administrative and criminal laws.

References:

  1. Edinyy kvalifikatsionnyy spravochnik dolzhnostey rukovoditeley, spetsialistov i drugikh sluzhashchikh (EKS) [The Uniform Qualifying Directory of Posts of Heads, Experts and Other Employees (UQD)]. Section “Kvalifikatsionnye kharakteristiki dolzhnostey rabotnikov v oblasti fizicheskoy kul'tury i sporta” [Qualifying Characteristics of Posts of Workers in the Field of Physical Culture and Sport]. Section approved by the Order of the Health Ministry of the Russian Federation on August 15, 2011 no 916n. http://bizlog.ru/eks/eks-21
  2. Vremennoe polozhenie ob akkreditatsii khokkeynykh agentov [Temporary Regulations on the Accreditation of Hockey Agents]. Approved by the Continental hockey League in 2010. http://www.docme.doc/629560/polozhenie-ob-akkreditacii#
  3. “Polozhenie o regulirovanii deyatel'nosti agentov igrokov v RFB” [Position on the Regulation of Players’ Agents in the RFB]. Approved by the decision of the Executive Committee of RBF on June 14, 2016. The official site of the RBF. http://www.russiabasket.EN
  4. “Reglament RFS po agentskoy deyatel'nosti” [The RFU Regulations on Agency Activities]. Approved by Resolution of the Executive Committee of the all-Russian public organization “Russian football Union” no 154/8 of December 18, 2013. The Official website of the RFU. http://www.rfs.ru
  5. Eydelman I. B. 2013. “Istochniki mezhdunarodno-pravovogo regulirovaniya agentskoy deyatel'nosti v sporte” [Sources of International Legal Regulation of Agency Activities in Sport]. Bulletin of the financial University, no 2, pp. 74-79.
  6. Eydelman I. B. 2013. “Osnovnye podkhody k ponimaniyu agentskoy deyatel'nosti v sporte” [Main Approaches to the Understanding of Agency Activities in Sport]. In: Historical, philosophical, political and law Sciences, Culturology and study of art. Issues of theory and practice, no 3(29): in 2 parts. Part II, pp. 216-219. Tambov: Gramota.
  7. Eydelman I. B. 2014. “Yuridicheskie obyazannosti sportivnykh agentov” [Legal Duties of Sports Agents]. Gaps in Russian legislation, no 1, pp. 88-90.
  8. Amirov I. M. 2010. “Osobennosti yuridicheskoy otvetstvennosti v sfere sporta: k postanovke problem” [The Peculiarities of Legal Liability in Sport: Presentation of the Problem]. Society and law, no 4(31), pp. 120-126. Krasnodar: Krasnodar University of the Ministry of Interior Affairs.
  9. Amirov I. M. 2011. “Spetsial'naya yuridicheskaya otvetstvennost' v  sfere sporta” [Special Legal Liability in Sport]. Proceedings of the V international scientific-practical conference “Sportivnoe pravo: perspektivy razvitiya” [Sports Law: Prospects of Development], pp. 28-32.. Moscow: Kutafin Moscow State Law University.
  10. Vorontsov D. I. 2015. “Priroda sportivnoy sanktsii kak mery sportivnoy otvetstvennosti (na primere analiza distsiplinarnogo reglamenta RFS)” [The Nature of Sporting Sanctions as a Measure of Athletic Responsibility (For Example, Analysis of the Disciplinary Regulations of the RFU)]. Kutafin University Law Review, no 4, pp. 59-67.
  11. Alekseev S. V. 2012. Sportivnoe pravo Rossii. Pravovye osnovy fizicheskoy kul'tury i sporta: uchebnik dlya studentov vuzov, obuchayushchikhsya po napravleniyam 030500 “Yurisprudentsiya” i 032101 “Fizicheskaya kul'tura i sport” [Sports Law in Russia. Legal Bases of Physical Culture and Sport: Textbook for Students Majoring in “Law” and “Physical Culture and Sport”]. Edited by P. V. Krasheninnikov. 2nd edition. Moscow: YuNITI-DANA, Zakon i pravo. 
  12. Kudryavtsev V. N. 2001. Obshchaya teoriya kvalifikatsii prestupleniy [The General Theory of Qualification of Crimes]. Moscow: Yuridicheskaya literatura.
  13. Parshikova V. N. 2014. “Protivodeystvie korruptsii v sporte — neotlozhnaya zadacha segodnyashnego dnya” [Fighting Corruption in Sport is an Urgent Task for Today]. Uchenye zapiski Sankt-Peterburgskogo im. V. B. Bobkova filiala Rossiyskoy tamozhennoy akademii, no 4(52), pp. 8-15.
  14. Popova Yu. P. 2016. “O prezumptsii vozmozhnosti ugolovnoy otvetstvennosti yuridicheskikh lits za prestupleniya, predusmotrennye stat'ey 184 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii” [On the Presumption of the Possibility of Criminal Liability of Legal Persons for Offences under the Article 184 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation]. In: Yuridicheskaya nauka i pravookhranitel'naya praktika, no. 4 (38), pp. 122-129. Tyumen: TIPK MVD RF.
  15. Eydelman I. B. 2013. “Spetsial'nyy pravovoy rezhim agentskoy deyatel'nosti v sporte” [Special Legal Regime of Agency Activities in Sport]. Bulletin of KrasGAU, no 6, pp. 199-201.
  16. Criminal Code of the Russian Federation of June 13, 1996 no 63-FZ (as amended on November 22, 2016). The Russian Federation Legislation Collection, June 17, no 25, art. 2954.
  17. The Russian Code of Administrative Offences of December 30, 2001 no. 195-FZ (as amended on December 5, 2016). The Russian newspaper, December 31, no 256.
  18. Federal Law of the Russian Federation of December 4, 2007 no 329-FZ “O fizicheskoy kul'ture i sporte v RF” [On Physical Culture and Sports in the Russian Federation] (as amended on November 22, 2016). The Russian Newspaper, December 8, no 276.
  19. Federal Law from November 22, 2016 No 396-FZ “O vnesenii izmeneniy v Federal'nyy zakon ‘O fizicheskoy kul'ture i sporte v Rossiyskoy Federatsii’ v chasti regulirovaniya sporta vysshikh dostizheniy i professional'nogo sporta” [On Amendments to the Federal Law “On Physical Culture and Sport in the Russian Federation” in the Part of Regulation of High Performance Sport and Professional Sport]. The Russian newspaper, November 24, no 266.
  20. Morozov V. I., Geyn A. K. 2015. Chapters 11-12. In: Shatilovich S. N. et al. 2015. Nauchnye osnovy kvalifikatsii prestupleniy: uchebnik [Scientific Bases of Qualification of Crimes: Textbook]. Tyumen: TIPK MVD RF.