Housing Politics as a Factor of Society’s Demographic Security

Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research


Release:

2016, Vol. 2. №4

Title: 
Housing Politics as a Factor of Society’s Demographic Security


About the authors:

Maria M. Akulich, Professor, Department of General and Economic Sociology, University of Tyumen; m.m.akulich@utmn.ru

Kristina S. Melnik, Master Student, Department of General and Economic Sociology, Tyumen State University; kristina.melnik.2016@bk.ru

Abstract:

The article studies the problem of increasing effectiveness of housing policy in the context of society’s demographic security. We analyzed the implementation of housing policies and justified the impact of the housing problems in the development of family structures. We studied the problems of housing and the prospects for their solutions and analyzed the value of property for a person as a primary human need. We considered the definition of housing policy and analyzed the problems of its implementation, the influence of the maternity capital on the demographic situation in the contemporary Russian society in relation to housing solutions. The results of in-depth interviews aimed to study the effect of maternity capital, demographic situation in the society and to solve the family housing problems. The aim of the study is to examine the influence of the maternity capital on reproductive attitudes of spouses taking into account the disbursement system of maternity capital. We used the method of in-depth interview during which 50 women benefiting from the maternity capital were interviewed. The study showed that a significant number of the respondents are planning to spend the maternity capital on the improvement of their living conditions. Also, in-depth interview revealed that, in general, this program is quite productive. It helps at least to begin solving the housing problems of the people who have a need to buy their own hosing. We concluded that the maternity capital has a positive impact on the solution of demographic problems of our country and contribute to solving the housing problems of families. Thus, we can say that the maternity capital program is a real help to the government in addressing the housing problems of Russian families and affects the reproductive attitudes of spouses.

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