About the authors:
Yana N. Nakhimova, Postgraduate Student at the Tyumen State University; firstname.lastname@example.org
Gulnara F. Romashkina, Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Professor, Head of the Department of Mathematical Methods, Information Technologies and Management Systems in Economics, University of Tyumen; email@example.com
Drug addiction is a statistically stable social phenomenon expressed in the drug use by a part of the population. The article describes the factors influencing drug addiction among young people. To achieve this goal, a sociological research using the method of questionnaire was conducted in Tyumen region in 2011-2015. In 2011, the sample number was 5567 people, in 2013 — 3054 people (the first study). Additional author’s study was carried out in 2015, it included a survey of 350 Tyumen residents over the age of 18 years (the second study).
The research shows the extent of the problem within Tyumen region, social attitudes and social factors of drug addiction among young people. The empirical data identifies the youth groups called “narcotized” (with experience of drug use) and “denarcotized” (all the rest). It is described a sociological portrait of a narcotized group, main socio-cultural differences between groups are shown.
The aurthors consider the processes of “normalization” of drug use. The authors have found the ways of legitimization of cannabis use — 43% of the surveyed young people tried this drug. “Normalization” process include narcotism not in deviant but in everyday behavior. Due to any given social attitudes of youth towards the use of drugs, it is possible to identify and analyze the risks of drug use. It is found that a positive social attitude to drugs is associated with drug experience and social environment. Risk factors are also associated with a low degree of confidence in the future, a decrease in threshold rejection of drug addiction, legitimization of drug use, selective attitude to a drug type.
The aurthors conclude that the problem is of a high latency, there are no clear social barriers built by the society to counter drug addiction.