Social activity of citizens as a resource in city development management

Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research


Release:

2016, Vol. 2. №1

Title: 
Social activity of citizens as a resource in city development management


About the author:

Natalya A. Kostko, Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Professor at the Department of General and Economic Sociology, Tyumen State University; kostkonir@yandex.ru

Abstract:

The standardized set of indicators defines the city development management. It views a city as a municipality it is not able to assess the nature and specificity of urban processes and phenomena in their systemic manifestations. The article considers the main approaches to apply the following concepts: social space, identity, social activity, social practices of citizens in the city development management. 
The author proposes a set of indicators that characterize the city’s social space, which can be used in the framework of social planning, city development management. The emphasis is made on the analysis of citizens’ social practices which are characterized by substantial and instrumental orientation to self-organization to achieve development goals of a city, address the pressing problems of citizens. The social activity of citizens is not considered. It is reflected in the activities of non-profit organizations, public foundations, and various activities organized and supported by the authorities at various levels. 
To study the trend and extent of social practices in the form of self-organization of the population and participation in achieving the city development goals, a content analysis of Tyumen newspapers was conducted over the past three years. The results show that the citizens are gradually realizing the role of their participation in the solution of city problems in general and the problems of their neighborhood (landscaping citywide and local area, the desire to beautify their city, interest in charity, caring for animals, the environment, etc.).

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