The ameriсan and russian patterns of the group struсture of soсial networks (a comparative study)

Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research


Release:

2015, Vol. 1. №1(1)

Title: 
The ameriсan and russian patterns of the group struсture of soсial networks (a comparative study)


About the authors:

Nadezhda V. Dulina, Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Professor, Sociology Department, Volgograd State University; nv-dulina@yandex.ru

Evgeny G. Efimov,
Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Associate Professor, Department of History, Culture and Sociology, Volgograd State Technical University

Abstract:

The article is aimed at comparative research of the development of social networking in Russia and the United States. As in the case of Friendster, the significant role of the social component in the development of social networks is revealed. It is argued that social networks were initially oriented toward certain target groups, i.e. rock musicians (MySpace) or college and university students (Facebook). Account holders'risks and challenges related to the use of social media serve the key factor of the development of social networking, and overcoming those challenges is the condition of further improvement. Thus, MySpace faced risks related to the problem of pedophilia while Facebook had to solve problems concerning privacy. The article shows that the existing group structure of social media reflects the real social stratification. It is argued that social media users' risks varying in the two countries may serve a cultural factor. Vkontakte faces the risks of law nihilism (e.g. abuse of property rights and unlawful behaviour during secondary certificate state exams in Russia). It is stressed that Facebook is highly unlikely to dominate in cultures different from the American culture.

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