The performance of the authoritiesin the field of public policy: an attemptof sociological assessement

Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research


Vesntik TSU. Sociology (#8 ). 2013

The performance of the authoritiesin the field of public policy: an attemptof sociological assessement

About the authors:

Gulnara F. Romashkina, Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Professor, Department of Economic Security, System Analysis and Control, University of Tyumen; ORCID: 0000-0002-7764-5566, Scopus Author ID: 16437113600, WoS ResearcherID:

Irina F. Pecherkina, Cand. Sci (Soc.), Associate Professor, Department of Management and Business, University of Tyumen;


The present article focuses on the analysis of the relationship between the level and nature of civil society development, public policy and the characteristics of transition to innovative development in Russian conditions. The current assessment is based on a small target sample (302 experts – public policy agents: regional authorities, the employees of state and local government agencies, representatives of business sector and the representatives of non-profit organizations (NPOs). The article highlights the specifics of the post-Soviet social system types: the stratification frame is formed by state authorities, covering the bulk of material, labor and information resources. As a result, the authors of the study conclude that the authority is satisfied with the actual conditions and opportunities for the development of civil society, while members of other communities are rather unhappy about the situation. On the one hand, the elite consider it necessary to apply non-economic control instead of the economic one, on the other hand — democratic institutions are not necessary for either authorities or business. In fact, the social basis of actual mechanisms of public administration is not formed in society, while the economic system has almost completed its formation as an etacratic one providing the merge of economic and political elites practically excluding social and economic mechanisms and social mobility.


1. Shtompka. P. Sociologija social'nyh izmenenij [Sociology of Social Changes]. Transl. from Eng. by V.A. Jadov. M., 1996. Pp. 16. (in Russian).

2. Radaev, V.V., Shkaratan, O.I. Power and property. Sociologicheskie issledovanija — Sociological Research. 1991. Pp. 52. (in Russian).

3. Bourdieu, P. The forms of capital. Zapadnaja jekonomicheskaja sociologija: hrestomatija sovremennoj klassiki [Western economic sociology: a textbook of modern classics]. Compiled and ed. by V.V. Radaev, transl. by M.S. Dobrjakova. M., 2004. 520 p. (in Russian).

4. Veber, M. The major concepts of stratification. Sociologicheskie issledovanija — Sociological Research. 1994. № 5. P. 148. (in Russian).

5. Kravchenko, A.I. Sociologija Maksa Vebera: trud i jekonomika [Sociology of Max Weber: labor and economy]. M., 1997. P. 128. (in Russian).

6. Bourdieu, P. Sociologija social'nogo prostranstva [Sociology of social space]/ Transl. from French by N.A. Shmatko. M., SPb., 2007. P. 97. (in Russian).

7. Vasil'ev, L.S. The phenomenon of power — property. Towards the problem of typology of pre-capitalist structures / Tipy obshhestvennyh otnoshenij na Vostoke v srednie veka [Types of public relations in the East during the Middle Ages]. M., 1982. (in Russian).

8. Kirdina, S.G. The theory of institutional matrices (The example of Russian institutionalism) / Postsovetskij institucionalizm [Post-Soviet institutionalism] / Ed. by R.M. Nureev and V.V. Dement'eva. Donetsk, 2005. Pp. 75-101; Kirdina, S.G. Institucional'naja samoorganizacija jekonomiki: teorija i modelirovanie (nauchnyj doklad) [Institutional self-organization of the economy: Theory and Simulation (a scientific report)]. M.: Institute of Economics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 2008. (in Russian).

9. Semenov, Y.I. On a type of traditional social structures in Africa and Asia: proto-states and agrarian relations / Gosudarstvo i agrarnaja jevoljucija v razvivajushhihsja stranah Azii i Afriki [The state and agrarian evolution in the developing countries of Asia and Africa]. M., 1980. P. 102-130. (in Russian).

10. Nureev, R.M. Jekonomicheskij stroj dokapitalisticheskih formacij [The economic structure of pre-capitalist formations]. Dushanbe: Donish, 1989; Nureev, R.M. Asian mode of production and socialism. Voprosy jekonomiki — The problems of Economics. 1990. №  3. Pp. 47-58; Nureev, R.M. Politicheskaja jekonomija. Dokapitalisticheskie sposoby proizvodstva: osnovnye zakonomernosti razvitija [Political economy. Pre-capitalist modes of production: the basic patterns of development]. M., 1991; Nureev, R.M. Asian mode of production as an economic system. Fenomen vostochnogo despotizma: struktura upravlenija i vlasti [The phenomenon of Oriental despotism: the structure of governance and power]. M.: Nauka, 1993. (in Russian).

11. Radaev, V.V., Shkaratan, O.I. Power and property. Sociologicheskie issledovanija — Sociological Research. 1991. Pp. 50-61; Radaev, V.V., Shkaratan, O.I. Social'naja stratifikacija [Social stratification]. M., 1996; Radaev, V.V., Shkaratan, O.I. The truth of etakratizm against the myth of socialism. Kvintjessencija: Filosofskij al'manah. — Quintessence: The philosophical almanac. 1991. M., 1992. Pp. 95-119; Shkaratan, O.I. The formation of the post-Soviet neoetakratizm. Obshhestvennye nauki i sovremennost' — Public sciences and modernity. 2009. № 1. P. 5-22. Shkaratan, O.I. Social'no-jekonomicheskoe neravenstvo i ego vosproizvodstvo v sovremennoj Rossii [Socio-economic inequality and its reproduction in modern Russia]. M., 2009. (in Russian).

12. Zaslavskaja, T.I. Sovremennoe rossijskoe obshhestvo. Social'nyj mehanizm transformacii [Modern Russian society. Social transformation mechanism]. M.: Delo, 2004. 57 p. (in Russian).

13. Jakimec, V.N. The index for the assessment and monitoring of public policy. Publichnoe prostranstvo, grazhdanskoe obshhestvo i vlast': opyt razvitija i vzaimodejstvija [Public space, civil society and power: the experience of development and interaction] / Edit. Board: A.U. Sungurov (Ed.). M., 2008. Pp. 107-122. (in Russian).

14. Nikovskaja, L.I., Jakimec, V.N. Features of public policy in the regions of Russia: the state and the current challenges. Zhurnal POLITEKS — POLITEKS. 2010. № 1. URL: (in Russian).