Factors of innovation and technological development of Russian regions

Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research


Vesntik TSU. Economy (#11). 2013

Factors of innovation and technological development of Russian regions

About the authors:

Gulnara F. Romashkina, Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Professor, Head of the Department of Mathematical Methods, Information Technologies and Management Systems in Economics, University of Tyumen; g.f.romashkina@utmn.ru

Maria V. Stepanova,
post-graduate student, Institute for Finance and Economics, Tyumen State University


This paper analyzes the conditions for innovation and technological development of Russian regions. In 2009-2011, the innovative development was carried out due to extensive growth, i.e. the growth was stimulated by the costs, but it was not accompanied by increases in revenues from business activities. Therefore, the efficiency of innovation was low, and decreased with increasing innovation costs. According to the data covering the dynamics of Russian regions development (83 regions) for the period from 2009 to 2012 we statistically confirm the assumption that the growth of household consumption and increase in costs on supporting research and development (R & D) did not stimulate innovation and technological activity of Russian enterprises. The analysis comprises the implementation of policies to promote innovation and technological upgrading over the past five years. We have constructed multifaceted models reflecting the dependence of earnings from exports of technologies from economic and technological conditions. It is shown that the activities of the government are aimed at direct stimulation of economic development (the increase in domestic demand, lending money to enterprises, direct support for the growth of innovation costs) and at the competitiveness of Russian technologies do not have a stimulating effect. Innovation and technological development of the regions of the Russian Federation, if the current trends are preserved, does not generate the potential for breakthrough growth, as the model of innovative and technological development of Russian regions turns out to be a costly type. Cluster analysis helped to identify 14 regional groups, which in turn are grouped into 4 clusters according to the type of economic structure.


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