Release:2017, Vol. 3. №2
About the authors:Daria S. Tolmacheva, Master Student, Department of Zoology and Evolutionary Ecology of Animals, Tyumen State University; firstname.lastname@example.org
Ixode mites are widespread in the territory of the Tyumen Region, and everyone knows their harm caused to human health. They also attack dogs; thus, the aim of the present work is to present the peculiarities of pyroplasmosis in dogs.
Pyroplasmosis is a severe natural focal disease of dogs, characterized by high lethality, long treatment and unpredictable course. The causative agent of pyroplasmosis is Babesia canis, which enters the animal’s body during the bite.
Mites attack dogs and infect them with babesiosis often within the city limits. The epizootic characteristics of the disease undergo constant changes, the biotope of ixode mites expands, and activity rises in anomalously warm weather even in the cold season.
The study was conducted in 2012-2016 on the territory of Tyumen on the basis of a private veterinary clinic. We studied hematologic, biochemical blood counts, and also found a relationship between incidence and age, gender, breed. Seasonal and annual dynamics of the disease was revealed.
The most susceptible to the disease were animals under the age of 1 year. Among thoroughbred dogs, dogs of decorative, hunting and guard breeds more often fell ill. The peak incidence was registered in May and August. Changes in hematological and biochemical parameters of blood have been noted.