The Features of Morphology and Hydrological Regime of Lakes in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District

UT Research Journal. Natural Resource Use and Ecology


Release:

2017, Vol. 3. №1

Title: 
The Features of Morphology and Hydrological Regime of Lakes in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District


About the authors:

Larisa V. Pereladova, Cand. Sci. (Geogr.), Аssociate Рrofessor, Department of Physical Geography and Ecology, Tyumen State University; lora-geograf@mail.ru

Anna A. Kormiltseva, Master Degree Student, Institute of Earth Sciences, Tyumen State University; kormiltseva.an@yandex.ru

Abstract:

This paper presents the results of cartographic and archive data on morphology and regime of several lakes in the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district. The hydrological structure of the district is not studied properly because of the severe climate and marshiness in the area, which restrains reclamations of the lakes. In this research we have calculated morphometrical index for 16 lakes located in the catchment of the rivers Vyngapur, Tatlyakhayaha, Pyakpur in the interfluves of the Messoyakha and Shchuchya rivers. We have come to the conclusion that lake basin genesis, its morphometry, hydrological regime features depend on natural factors such as rock composition, flat relief, permafrost, excessive humidity, big number of rivers and wetlands. All the lakes studied in Yamal-Nenets autonomous district have been classified according to the surface area and index of lake oblongness.

References:

  1. Agbalyan Е. V., Khoroshavin V. Yu., Shinkaruk Е. V. 2015. “Otsenka ustoychivosti ozernykh ekosistem Yamalo-Nenetskogo avtonomnogo okruga k kislotnym vypadeniyam” [Assessment of Sustainability of the Lake Ecosystems of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District to Acidic Deposition]. Tyumen State University Herald. Natural Resource Use and Ecology, vol. 1, no 1. pp. 45-54.
  2. Bogoslovskiy B. B. 1960. Ozerovedenie [Limnology]. Moscow: MSU Publishing.
  3. Bogoslovskiy B. B. 1974. Osnovy gidrologii sushi: Reki, ozera, vodokhranilishcha [Basics of Hydrology: Rivers, Lakes, Reservoirs]. Minsk: Belarus State University Publishing.
  4. Bogoslovskiy B. B. 1977. Morfologiya i morfometriya ozer i vodokhranilishch [Morphology and Morphometry of Lakes and Reservoirs]. Leningrad: LPI.
  5. Chistyakova N. F. (ed.). 2015. Entsiklopediya “Yamal'skiy rayon”: A-Ya [Encyclopedia “Yamal District”: A to Z]. Tyumen: Express.
  6. Grigoriev S. V. 1959. “O nekotorykh opredeleniyakh i pokazatelyakh v ozerovedenii” [Some of the Definitions and Indicators in Limnology]. Transactions of the Karelian Branch of the USSR Academy of Science, no XVIII, pp. 29-45. Petrozavodsk.
  7. Ivanov K. E. (ed.). 1976. Bolota Zapadnoy Sibiri, ikh stroenie i gidrologicheskiy rezhim [Swamps of Western Siberia, Their Structure and Hydrological Regime]. Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat.
  8. Ivanov P. V. 1948. “Klassifikatsiya ozer mira po velichine i po sredney glubine” [Classification of Lakes in the World by Size and Average Depth]. Nauchniy Byullenen' LGU, no 21, pp. 29-36.
  9. Kutsev G. F. (ed.). 2006. Yamal: entsiklopediya Yamalo-Nenetskogo avtonomnogo okruga [Yamal: The Encyclopedia of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District]: in 4 vols. Salekhard, Tyumen: Tyumen State University Publishing.
  10. Larin S. I. (ed.). 2001. Geografiya Yamalo-Nenetskogo avtonomnogo okruga: priroda, naselenie, khozyaystvo, ekologiya. 8-9 kl.: ucheb. posobie [The Geography of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District: Nature, Population, Economy, and Ecology. 8-9th Grades Textbook]. Tyumen: Tyumen State University Publishing.
  11. Magritsky D. V. 2014. Rechnoy stok i gidrologicheskie raschety: prakticheskie raboty s vypolneniem pri pomoshchi komp'yuternykh program [River Flow and Hydrological Calculations: Practical Work with Computer Programs]. Moscow: Triumf.
  12. Novikov S. M. (ed.). 2009. Gidrologiya zabolochennykh territoriy zony mnogoletney merzloty Zapadnoy Sibiri [Hydrology of Wetlands in the Areas of Permafrost in the Western Siberia]. St. Petersburg: VVM.
  13. Popov P. A. 2012. Adaptatsiya gidrobiontov k usloviyam obitaniya v vodoemakh subarktiki – na primere ekologii ryb v vodoemakh subarktiki Zapadnoy Sibiri. Uchebnoe posobie [Adaptation of Aquatic Organisms to Habitat Conditions in Waters of the Subarctic Regions — The Case of Western Siberia Subarctic Ponds Fish Ecology. Textbook]. Novosibirsk.
  14. Rikhter G. D. 1963. (ed.). Zapadnaya Sibir' [Western Siberia]. Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences Publishing.
  15. Tyulkova L. A. 2013. Limnoekologiya. Uchebno-metodicheskiy kompleks [Limnoecolology. Educational-Methodical Complex]. Tyumen: Tyumen State University Publishing.