Distribution, ecology and coenotic value of chara fragilis desvaux (charophyta) in the west Siberian plain

UT Research Journal. Natural Resource Use and Ecology


Release:

2015, Vol. 1. №2(2)

Title: 
Distribution, ecology and coenotic value of chara fragilis desvaux (charophyta) in the west Siberian plain


About the authors:

Boris F. Sviridenko, Dr. Sci.(Biol.), Head Researcher, Scientific Research Institute of the Ecology of the North, Surgut State University; bosviri@mail.ru

Tatyana V. Sviridenko, Senior Researcher, Scientific Research Institute of the Ecology of the North, Surgut State University; tatyanasv29@yandex.ru

Olga E. Tokar, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Associate Professor, Department of Biology, Geography and Teaching Methods, P. P. Ershov Ishim Pedagogical Institute (University of Tyumen Branch); tokarishim@yandex.ru

Konstantin S. Yevzhenko, Ph.D. (Biology), Assistant Professor, Omsk State Pedagogical University

Abstract:

In the West Siberian Plain, 70 locations of Chara fragilis (= C. globularis Thuillier) are known. Most of the species’ populations were found in the steppe and the foreststeppe belts as well as in the south of the forest belt. The species lives in small rivers, meander and watershed lakes, in temporary and artificial water bodies at depths of 0.1 to 2.9 m. The species mostly occurs on muddy or sandy and muddy bottoms, more rarely on clays, peat and flooded soil. In the ecotopes of C. fragilis, water hardness is 2.2 to 8.6 meq/dm3, water salt content is 0.28 to 3.88 g/dm3, pH value is 7.2 to 9.2. Plant aggregations involving C. fragilis are temporary initial phases of hydrogenous successions developing in newly formed aquatic ecotopes, as well as permanent phytocoenoses. In general, in the West Siberian Plain, C. fragilis mostly exhibits the explerent strategy, less often the patient one, sometimes functioning as an edificatory of permanent monocoenoses.

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