Release:2015, Vol. 1. №2(2)
About the author:Zoya M. Shayakhmetova, Сand. Sci. (Biol), Senior Lecturer, Department of Botany, Perm State Humanitarian Pedagogical University
Abstract:The results of transplantation of five epiphytic lichens protected in the Perm region and having different status of protection: Lobaria pulmonaria (L.) Hoffm., Flavoparmelia caperata (L.) Hale, Heterodermia speciosa (Wulfen) Trevis., Flavopunctelia soredica (Nyl.) Hale, Cetrelia cetrarioides (Delise & Duby) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. The transplantation was performed in Kishertsky District of Perm region in the vicinity of villages Gusel’nikovo and Kiselevo, where the habitat plots with the most suitable conditions were selected. In both habitats the lichens were fastened with staples. Trees for transplantation were preferably selected with the inclined shaft. Over a six-year study period there was 85.3% survival rate. The damaging nature brackets that attach the thallus to the substrate was observed. At the place of attachment there was local tissue necrosis observed, which did not apply to all thallus. Lobaria pulmonaria, Heterodermia speciosa and Cetrelia cetrarioides formed from soredia small thalli less than 0.5 cm2. It speaks of the satisfactory condition of the attached thalli and the opportunities of creating new populations of protected lichens in Perm region.
1. Baranova, O. G. Protection of vegetative variation in Udmurt Republic: the History of writing the Red Book, modern state and tasks // Problemy Krasnykh knig regionov Rossii [The Problems of Red Books in the Regions of Russia]: Proceedings of the international scientific and practical conference. Perm’, 2006. Pp. 125-128.
2. Gilbert, O. L. A successful transplant operation involv-ing Lobaria amplissima // Lichenologist, 1991. Vol. 23. № 1. Pp. 73-76.
3. Scheidegger, P. Early development of transplanted isidi-oid soredia of Lobaria pulmonaria in an endangered population // Lichenologist, 1995. Vol. 27. № 5. Pp. 361-374.
4. Istomina, N. B. The use of the transplantation method to regenerate the population of the lichen Lobaria pulmonaria (L.) Hoffm. (Stictaceae) in the European part of Russia // Flora li-shainikov Rossii: sostoianie i perspektivy issledovanii [Flora of Lichen in Russia: State and Research Perspecrives]: Proceedings of the international meeting devoted to the 120th anniversary of V. P. Savich’s birth. Saint-Petersburg, 2006. Pp. 112-116.
5. Teplykh, A. A. Growth and biomass of blastema of epigenious lichen Pseudevernia furfuracea (L.) Zopf // Proceedings of the international meeting «Lishainiki boreal’nykh lesov» [Lichen of Boreal Forest] and the 4th Russian Lichen Research School. Syktyvkar, 2008. Pp. 197-204.
6. Biazrov, L. G. Lichen in the Ecological Monitoring. Moscow: Nauchnyi mir, 2002. 336 p.
7. The Red Book of the Russian Federation (plants and fungi). Moscow, 2008. 855 p.
8. Krylov, P. N. Materials to the flora of Perm Governorate. Issue III. // Proceedings of the Natural Philosophers’ Society of the Emperor’s Kazan’ University. Kazan: Kazanskii universitet Publ., 1882. Vol. VI. Issue 5. Pp. 1-41.
9. Oksner, A. M. Materials on the lichen flora of Ural and nearby regions // Botanicheskii zhurnal AN USSR [The Botanical Journal of the Academy of Sciences of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic]. 1945. Vol. 2. № 3-4. Pp. 217-247.
10. The Red Book of Perm Krai / scientif. ed. A. I. Shepel’. Perm: «Knizhnyi mir» Publ., 2008. 256 p.