Analysis of primary disablement due to an eye disease

Tyumen State University Herald. Natural Resource Use and Ecology


2015, Vol. 1. №1(1)

Analysis of primary disablement due to an eye disease

About the authors:

Marina G. Nazarian, Cand. Sci. (Med.), Head of the Ophthalmological Department, Federal Bureau of Medical and Social Examination (Moscow)
Patimat M. Arbukhanova, Cand. Sci. (Med.), Junior Researcher, Center of Fundamental and Applied Biomedical Problems, Fyodorov Federal State Institution «Eye Microsurgery» (Moscow)


The article presents the results of the study of the structure of primary disablement due to an eye disease with due regard to the age group and type of disablement. For a retrospective analysis, we used statistic data of the Federal Bureau for Medical and Social Expertise and Russian Federal State Statistics Service. As the retrospective analysis from 2006 to 2013 suggests, the total number of newly recognized disabled people with eye disabilities is 289,9 thousand people within 8 years. It should be noted that, compared to the data of 2006, one can observe a decreasing tendency in the number of newly recognized disabled people with eye disabilities it decresed by 45,6%. As a result of the retrospective analysis, we have a clear decrease in disablement due to an eye disease from 2006 up to 2013. During the observation period, the improvement of the primary disablement indicators appears to be due to the increase of the level of ophthalmology help in the Russian Federation.


1. Shakhova, E.V., Libman, E.S. Blindness and visual disability among the people of

Russia // 8-I S”ezd oftal´mologov Rossii [The 8th Meeting of Ophthalmologists of Russia]: Abstracts of scientific reports. Moscow, 2005. Pp. 78–79. (in Russian).

2. Maichuk, Iu.F. Epidemiology and the main causes of blindness in the world

// Aktual´nye voprosy sotsial´noi oftal´mologii [Current Issues of Social Ophthalmology]:

a collection of scientific articles. Moscow, 1985. Pp. 24-28. (in Russian).

3. Shakhova, E.V. Sotsial´no-gigienicheskie i kliniko-oftal´mologicheskie aspekty

slepoty, slabovideniia i invalidnosti vsledstvie patologii glaza v Rossii. Sovershenstvovanie

kriteriev oftal´mologicheskoi i mediko-sotsial´noi ekspertizy i reabilitatsii invalidov

po zreniiu (Avtoref. dokt. diss.) [Social-hygienic and Clinical Ophthalmologic Aspects of Blindness, Poor Eyesight and Disability due to Eye Deseases in Russia. Elaboration on the Criteria of Ophthalmologic and Medical and Social Examination and Rehabilitation of Sight-Disabled People (Extended Absract of Dr. Sci. Diss.)]. Moscow, 2002. 45 p. (in Russian).

4. Libman, E.S., Riazanov, D.P. Disablement due to Loss of or Poor Eyesight among the

Population of Russia // Proceedings of the conference «Fedorovskie chteniia» [Fedorov’s

Readings]. Moscow, 2014. 163 p. (in Russian).

5. Profilaktika preduprezhdaemoi slepoty i narushenii zreniia [Prevention of Avoidable

Blindness and Visual Impairment]: report by the Secretariat of WHO, Document EV124/7.

Geneva, 2008. 20 p. (in Russian).

6. Libman, E.S., Melkumiants, T.A., Shakhov, E.V. et al. Value of clinical examination

in the prevention and reduction of disability owing to eye pathology. Oftal´mologicheskii

zhurnal — Journal of Ophthalmology. 1989. № 1. Pp. 2-4. (in Russian).

7. Libman E.S., Mizshreva, A.P., Averbakh, F.A. et al. Vrachebno-trudovaia ekspertiza

i sotsial´no-trudovaia reabilitatsiia pri zabolevaniiakh khrustalika: Metodicheskie rekomendatsii

[Medical and labor expertise and social and labour rehabilitation of eye diseases: Methodical recommendations]. Moscow, 1975. 21 p. (in Russian).