Release:2015, Vol. 1. №1(1)
About the authors:Tatiana V. Raudina, Post-graduate Student, Department of Soil Science and Soil Ecology, Junior Researcher, Laboratory of Biogeochemical and Remote Techniques of Environment Monitoring, Tomsk State University
Abstract:Based on the results of the research of permafrost soils tundra landscapes formed in the central part of the Tazovskiy Peninsula in cryogenic conditions, data were obtained which characterize the patterns of formation, structure, and properties of soils. The specificity of soil cover distribution and manifestation of soil-forming processes within the investigated area is revealed. The interrelation of variation of soil properties, soil profile structure and cryogenic processes is stated. The discrepancy between the small speed of chemical and biochemical transformation of the initial material under soil formation, rather high speed of carrying out of the released soluble products, considerable influence of the cryogenic processes accompanied with thawing, as well as the cryogenic heaving of clay and peat soil caused by frost penetration in breeds affects the genesis and properties of the considered soils. Depending on the factor-ecological conditions, the combination of soil-forming macroprocesses (cryogenesis, gleying, detritogenesis) best describes the essence of tundra pedogenesis of the investigated area.
1. Nekrasov, I.A. Vechna li vechnaia merzlota? [Is the Permafrost Permanent?].
Moscow: Nedra, 1991. 128 p. (in Russian).
2. Targul’ian, V.O. Pochvoobrazovanie i vyvetrivanie v kholodnykh gumidnykh
oblastiakh [Soil Formation and Weathering in Cold Humid Regions]. Moscow: Nauka, 1971.
258 p. (in Russian).
3. Makeev, O.V. Cryogenic soils // Kriogennye pochvy i ikh ratsional´noe ispol´zovanie
[Cryogenic Soils and Their Rational Use]. Moscow: Nauka, 1977. Pp. 64–68. (in Russian).
4. Makeev, O.V. Soil, permafrost, cryopedology. Pochvovedenie — Soil Science. 1999.
№ 8. Pp. 947–957. (in Russian).
5. Serreze, M.C., Walsh, J.E., Chapin, F.S., Osterkamp, T., Dyurgerov, M., Romanovsky, V.,
Oechel, W.C., Morison, J., Zhang, T. and Barry, R.G. Observational evidence of recent
change in the northern high-latitude environment. Climate Change. 2000. Vol. 46.
6. Dobrovol’skii, G.V., Urusevskaia, I.S. Geografiia pochv [Soil Geography]. Moscow, 2004. 460 p. (in Russian).
7. Aleksandrova, V.D. Geobotanicheskoe raionirovanie Arktiki i Antarktiki [Geobotanical
Zoning of the Arctic and Antarctic]. Leningrad: Nauka, 1977. 188 p. (in Russian).
8. Valeeva, E.I. Zonal features of vegetation cover on the Tazovskiy Peninsula and its
technogenic transformation. Vestnik ekologii, lesovedeniia i landshaftovedeniia —
Bulletin of Ecology, Forestry and Landscape Science. 2008. № 9. Pp. 174–190.
9. Vorob’eva, L.A. Khimicheskii analiz pochv [Chemical analysis of soils]. Moscow,
1998. 425 p. (in Russian).
10. Seredina, V.P., Spirina, V.Z. Analiticheskie metody issledovaniia pochv [Analytical
Methods of Soils Research]. Tomsk, 2007. 106 p. (in Russian).
11. Klassifikatsiia i diagnostika pochv Rossii [Classification and Examination of Russian
Soils]. Smolensk, 2004. 342 p. (in Russian).
12. Sokolov, I.A., Koniushkov, D.E., Naumov, E.M., Ananko, T.V., Iakusheva, T.E. Soil
cryogenesis / In: Pochvoobrazovatel´nye protsessy [Soil-Forming Processes], Moscow,
2006. Pp. 144–166. (in Russian).
13. Raudina, T.V., Kulizhskiy, S.P. Features of Soil Formation in the North of Western
Siberia in Cryogenic Conditions. International Journal of Environmental, Earth Science
and Engineering. 2014. V. 8. № 5. Dp. 269-273. URL: http://waset.org/publications/
14. Klenov, B.M., Chimitdorzhieva, G. D. The impact of continental climate on humification
and elemental composition of humic acids of Siberian automorphic soils. Sibirskii
ekologicheskii zhurnal — Siberian Ecological Journal. 2011. № 5. Pp. 665–671.
15. Karavaeva, N.A., Targul’ian, V.O. To the study of tundra soils of Northern Yakutia
/ In: O pochvakh Vostochnoi Sibiri [Concerning Soils of Eastern Siberia]. Moscow, 1963.
Pp. 53–72. (in Russian).
16. Grishina, L.A. Biologicheskii krugovorot i ego rol´ v pochvoobrazovanii [Biological
Cycle and Its Role in Soil Formation]. Moscow, 1974. 128 p. (in Russian).
17. Klenov, B.M. Gumus pochv Zapadnoi Sibiri [Soils Humus of Western Siberia].
Moscow: Nauka, 1981. 44 p. (in Russian).
18. Khrenov, V.Ia. Pochvy kriolitozony Zapadnoi Sibiri [Soils of Western Siberia
Cryolithozone]. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2011. 211 p. (in Russian).
19. Tonkonogov, V.D. Avtomorfnoe pochvoobrazovanie v tundrovoi i taezhnoi zonakh
Vostochno-Evropeiskoi i Zapadno-Sibirskoi ravnin [Automorphic Soil Formation in the
Tundra and Taiga Areas of the East European and West Siberian Plains]. Moscow, 2010.
287 p. (in Russian).
20. Vasil’evskaia, V.D., Ivanov, V.V., Bogatyrev, L.G. Pochvy severa Zapadnoi Sibiri
[Soils of the North of West Siberia]. Moscow, 1986. 229 p. (in Russian).
21. Zonn, S.V. Zhelezo v pochvakh [Ferrum in Soils]. Moscow: Nauka, 1982. 208 p.(in Russian).