Tyumen State University Herald. Natural Resource Use and Ecology


Bulletin of Tyumen State University. Medico-Biological Sciences (№6). 2014

Fauna and ecology of bats in the middle Zauralye

About the authors:

Sergey N. Gashev, Dr. Sci. (Biol.), Professor, Head of the Department of Zoology and Evolutionary Ecology of Animals, University of Tyumen; gsn-61@mail.ru

Anastasia A. Tomishina, State Reserve “Malaya Sosva” (Sovetsky); nastysha_27.91@mail.ru


Long-term monitoring has shown that 9 species of bats can be encountered in the region of the Middle Zauralye. The maximum number of species is observed in the forest habitats of the subtaiga and Northern forest-steppe subbands of the southwestern part of the studied region. One of these types (Plecotus auritus) was met once only at the end of the XIX century, and another (Nyctalus noctula) was also encountered only once, at the beginning of the XXI century. The dominant species in the majority of habitats is Myotis dasycneme; the subdominant species is Vespertilio murinus; Myotis daubentoni is a species of high abundance, which assumes a subdominant position in the urbanized biotopes. Climatic changes of the last decade forced some of bat species to winter in the cities. It is shown that urbanization imposes a greater negative
influence not on biodiversity indicators (they are higher in the green zone of the cities and in forest parks than in natural habitats), but on the number of populations of city bats whose period of fodder activity is also reduced.


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