Confinement of bloodsucking midges (dipter and simuliidae) to various biotopes

Tyumen State University Herald. Natural Resource Use and Ecology


Bulletin of Tyumen State University. Medico-Biological Sciences (№6). 2014

Confinement of bloodsucking midges (dipter and simuliidae) to various biotopes

About the authors:

Olga A. Fedorova, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Russian Research and Development Institute of Veterinary Entomology and Arachnology (Tyumen)
Raisa P. Pavlova, Dr Sci. (Biol.), Professor, Russian Research and Development Institute of Veterinary Entomology and Arachnology (Tyumen)


The scientific data and materials of the authors’ own research on confinement of bloodsucking midges to various biotopes have been summarized; the temperature ranges of their activity have been defined. The dominating species in the summer seasons between 2003-2013 have been identified and their dependence on weather conditions has been shown. Different species of midges are active in different temperature ranges. The temperature ranges have been divided into 4 groups: 1) from 10˚ to 30˚С, 2) from 10˚до 25˚С, 3) from 16˚ to 30˚C, and 4) from 16˚ to 20˚C. The first group is represented by B.maculatus and Sch. pusilla, the second by B. erythrocephala and O. ornata’; the third by Sch. nigra, Sim.longipalpe and Sim.rostratum; and the fourth group is represented by only one type of Arg.noelleri. The species diversity is the same both in the open area and under the forest canopy. In the period of their maximum activity, in the morning and evening hours, the highest activity of midges is observed in the open areas. Byssodon maculates is the most numerous species in both environments.


1. Patrusheva, V.D. About midges (Diptera, Simuliidae) of Southern Yamal. Parazitologiia — Parasitology. 1974. № 2. Pp. 138-146. (in Russian).

2. Ishmuratov, I.N. Diptera blood-sucking insects of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District and especially their attacks on fur-bearing animals are in cages / In: Probl. vet. sanitarii: Tr. VNIIVS. T. 31 [Problems of Veterinary Sanitation. Proc. VNIIVS. V. 31]. 1968. Pp. 23-29. (in Russian).

3. Shchepetkin, V.A. Krovososushchie dvukrylye i ovoda Iamalo-Nenetskogo avtonomnogo okruga Tiumenskoi oblasti i mery zashchity ot nikh severnykh olenei (Avtoref. diss. kand.) [Bloodsucking Diptera gadfly and Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Tyumen region and protective measures reindeer (Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. Diss.)]. Moscow, 1974. 26 p. (in Russian).

4. Patrusheva, V.D. Influence of meteorological conditions on the activity of midges attack / In: Fauna, sistematika i ekologiia nasekomykh i kleshchei. Vyp. 10 [Fauna,systematics and ecology of insects and mites. Issue. 10.]. Novosibirsk, 1963. Pp. 153-170.

5. Patrusheva, V.D. Blood-sucking midges Priobja / In: Itogi issledovaniia po probleme bor'by s gnusom [Results of studies on the issue of combating gnats]. Novosibirsk, 1967. Pp. 103-109. (in Russian).

6. Boldarueva, L.V. Midges (Diptera, Simuliidae) moss-lichen tundra Yamal / In: Poleznye i vrednye nasekomye Sibiri [Useful and harmful insects Siberia]. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1982. Pp. 180-184. (in Russian).

7. Detinova, T.S., Rasnitsyn, S.P., Markovich, N.Ia. et al. Methods Unification census bloodsucking Diptera. Med. parazitol. i parazitarn. bolezni. — Medical Parasitology and parasitic diseases. 1978. V. 47. Issue. 5. Pp. 84-92. (in Russian).

8. Rasnitsyn, S.P., Kosovskikh, V.L. An improved method of accounting for a net abundance of mosquitoes around the person and comparing it with a dark view of the bell. Meditsinskaia parazitologiia — Medical Parasitology. 1979. № 1. Pp. 18-24. (in Russian).

9. Chernyshev, V.B. Ekologiia nasekomykh [Ecology of insects]. Moscow, 1996. 304 p. (in Russian).

10. Fedorova, O.A. Krovososushchie moshki (Diptera, Simuliidae) iuga Tiumenskoi oblasti (Avtoref. diss. kand.) [Blood-sucking midges (Diptera, Simuliidae) south of the Tyumen region (Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. Diss.)]. Tyumen, 2009. 23 p. (in Russian).