Release:Bulletin of Tyumen State University. Medico-Biological Sciences (№6). 2014
About the authors:Olga A. Fedorova, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Russian Research and Development Institute of Veterinary Entomology and Arachnology (Tyumen)
Abstract:The scientific data and materials of the authors’ own research on confinement of bloodsucking midges to various biotopes have been summarized; the temperature ranges of their activity have been defined. The dominating species in the summer seasons between 2003-2013 have been identified and their dependence on weather conditions has been shown. Different species of midges are active in different temperature ranges. The temperature ranges have been divided into 4 groups: 1) from 10˚ to 30˚С, 2) from 10˚до 25˚С, 3) from 16˚ to 30˚C, and 4) from 16˚ to 20˚C. The first group is represented by B.maculatus and Sch. pusilla, the second by B. erythrocephala and O. ornata’; the third by Sch. nigra, Sim.longipalpe and Sim.rostratum; and the fourth group is represented by only one type of Arg.noelleri. The species diversity is the same both in the open area and under the forest canopy. In the period of their maximum activity, in the morning and evening hours, the highest activity of midges is observed in the open areas. Byssodon maculates is the most numerous species in both environments.
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