Environmental risk factors of human adaptation to the natural conditions of the middle Ob river basin

Tyumen State University Herald. Natural Resource Use and Ecology


Bulletin of Tyumen State University. Ecology (№12). 2014

Environmental risk factors of human adaptation to the natural conditions of the middle Ob river basin

About the authors:

Vladimir S. Solovyov, Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor, Head of the Department of Anatomy and Physiology of Humans and Animals, Institute of Biology, Tyumen State University; adapt78@yandex.ru

Andrey W. Elifanov, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Head of the Department of Human and Animal Anatomy and Physiology, University of Tyumen; andelwas@mail.ru

Svetlana V. Soloviyeva, Dr. Med. Sci., associate professor, Tyumen State Medical academy
Elina M. Bakieva, Post-graduate Student, Tyumen State University
Natalia V. Trusevich, Post-graduate Student, Tyumen State University
Tatyana N. Tsertsek, Post-graduate Student, Tyumen State University


The article shows that the development of the adaptation process of the new settlers is accompanied by a shift of the negative reactions to the older age. A chain of growth factors of climatic character is started. Meteosensitivity shows among men and women. Imbalance and misalignment of the homeostasis of the organism in the development of the “North stress” are induced by weather parameters — variations in atmospheric pressure, temperature, force of wind, low humidity. Subjective symptoms form three degrees of meteosensitivity. We demonstrate dependence of the functions of the body from the sex and age of the new settlers in the Northern city. Nonspecific resistant mechanisms are provided, caused by the blood in the form of hypersensitivity reactions and stress. Resistance to the psycho-emotional stress is reduced under the influence of natural environmental factors. Remigration of the settlers to the North has a negative effect on the meteosensitivity and resistance to stress, thus, decreasing the adaptive response to environmental conditions.


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