Release:Bulletin of Tyumen State University. Ecology (№12). 2013
About the author:Yuriy G. Tatsiy, Dr. Tech. Sci., Senior Scientific Researcher, Laboratory of Evolution Biogeochemistry and Geoecology, Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, named after V.I. Vernadskiy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Abstract:The hair analysis for trace elements has become widespread in recent years. It has proved to be very convenient and useful for assessment of health status and environment influence. Content of heavy metals (including mercury) in human hair is an indicator of possible intoxication and environmental pollution degree.The advantages and disadvantages of mercury determination in hair in comparison with other bioindicators (blood and urine) are considered. The ways of input of different mercury species into the human body and peculiarities of their accumulation in hair are shown. Endogenous and exogenous mercury is reviewed, as well as the possibility of receiving inaccurate results in case of strong environmental pollution (exogenous mercury) at the assessment of human body intoxication degree. Admissible levels of mercury content proposed by various international organizations are described. The U.S. EPA reference dose (RfD) of mercury content in hair is critically evaluated. Range of mercury concentrations in hair is given.
1. Bencko, V. Use of human hair as a biomarker in the assessment of exposure to pollutants in occupational and environmental settings. Toxicology. 1995. Vol. 101. Pp. 29-39.
2. Pogarev, S.E., Ryzhov, V.V., Mash'janov, N.R., Sholupov, S.E., Zharskaja, V.D. New approach for determination of the mercury dose received by human on exposure to its vapors. Jekologicheskaja himija — Ecological Chemistry. 2002. Vol. 11. № 4. Pp. 271–278. (in Russian).
3. VOZ. Metilrtut'. Gigienicheskie kriterii sostojanija okruzhajushhej sredy 101 [Methylmercury. Hygienic Criteria of the Environmental Condition 101]. Medicine. 1993. 124 p. (in Russian).
4. Moiseenko, V.G., Radomskaja, V.I., Radomskij, S.M., Piskunov, Ju.G., Savinova, T.A., Lenshin, A.V. Intoxication of Human Body with Metallic Mercury. Vestnik Dal'nevostochnogo otdelenija RAN — Bulletin of the Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Science. 2004. № 3. Pp. 100-110. (in Russian).
5. Noguchi, T., Itai, T., Kawaguchi, M., Nakahashi, S., Tanabe, S. Applicability of Human Hair as a Bioindicator for Trace Elements Exposure // Interdisciplinary Studies on Environmental Chemistry-Environmental Pollution and Ecotoxicology / Eds. M. Kawaguchi et al. 2012. Pp. 73-77.
6. JECFA — Joint Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)/ World Health Organization (WHO) Expert Committee on Food Additives. Summary and conclusions, sixty-first meeting, Rome, 10-19, June 2003. URL: http://www.chem.unep.ch/mercury/Report/JECFA-PTWI.htm.
7. Toxicological Profile for Mercury. Department of Health and Human Services, ATSDR. Atlanta. 1999. 676 p.
8. USEPA (2001). Reference Dose for Methylmercury. URL: http://www.epa.gov/iris
9. Orientative baseline and acceptable biological levels of some heavy metals in biosubstrates in people without professional contact with them. Criteria for assessing the environmental situation of areas to identify zones of ecological emergency and zones of ecological disaster. 1992. Appendix 1. (in Russian).10. Pierce, P.E., Thompson, J.F., Likosky, W.H., Nickey, L.N., Barthel, W.F., Hinman, A.R. Alkyl mercury poisoning in humans. JAMA. 1972. Vol. 220. Pp. 1439-1442.