Tyumen State University Herald. Natural Resource Use and Ecology


Bulletin of Tyumen State University. Ecology (№12). 2013

V.I. Vernadsky and modern ecological problems

About the author:

Tatyana I. Moiseyenko, Dr. Sci. (Biol.), Professor, Corresponding Member of the RAS, Deputy Director for Science, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of the RAS (Moscow); moiseenko.ti@gmail.com


General concept of V. Vernadsky’s noosphere supposes harmonious co-evolution of humanity and nature. The reality is that human activity has led to the emergence of anthropogenic induced processes in the biosphere, which manifested dramatically in the middle of the last century. This article gives a brief analysis of the major changes of biogeochemical stages in the global scale. There are the examples of the cascade development of some negative phenomena under the influence of: increase of carbon dioxide content, acidifying agents content, enrichment of natural environments with metals, contamination with resistant organic matters, biogenic elements. There are proofs that the organic world reacts to anthropogenic transformation with active microevolution processes. Methodology for determining the critical loads is considered, as scientifically-based strategy for limitation of anthropogenic impacts on nature and for environmental harmonization. A characteristic of the theoretical foundations for the permissible flows of certain pollutants is given. It is shown that the development of environment-oriented non- and low-waste technologies with the consideration of science-based critical loads on the biosphere and its ecosystems, the rehabilitation of disturbed lands and water areas is a key direction in maintaining life-supporting environment of our planet.


1. Vernadskij, V.I. Nauchnaja mysl' kak planetnoe javlenie [Scientific Thought as a Planetary Phenomenon] / Executive ed. A.L. Janshin. М.: Nauka, 1991. 270 p. (in Russian).

2. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (Eds. Pachauri R.K., Reisinger A.). Geneva: IPCC, 2008. 104 p.

3. Nigmatulin, R.I. The Ocean: Climate, Resources, and Natural Disasters. Vestnik Rossiskoi Akademii Nauk — Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2010. Vol. 80. № 8. Pp. 675-689. (in Russian).

4. Bijma, J., Barange, M., Brander, L. et al. Impacts of Ocean Acidification // Science. 2008. Vol. 320. Рp. 336-340.

5. Monteith, D.T., Stoddard, J.L., Evans, C.D. et al. Dissolved organic carbon trends resulting from changes in atmospheric deposition chemistry // Nature. 2007. V. 450. Pp. 537-541; Iglesias-Rodriguez, D.M., Halloran, P.R., Rosalind, E.M. et al. Phytoplankton Calcification in a High-CO2 World // Science. 2008. Vol. 320. Pp. 336–340.

6. Koplan-Diks, I.S., Alekseev, V.L. Geographical Principles of Phosphorous Cycle Structure // Jevoljucija krugovorota fosfora i jevtrofirovanie prirodnyh vod [Evolution of Phosphorous Cycle and Eutrophication of Natural Waters]. Leningrad: Nauka. 1988. P. 19–21. (in Russian).

7. Galloway, J.N. Acid deposition: perspectives in time and space // Water, Air and Soil Pollut. Vol. 85. 1995. Pp. 15-24.

8. Castle, J.W., Rodgers, J.H. Hypothesis for the role of toxin-producing algae in Phanerozoic mass extinctions based on evidence from the geologic record and modern environments // Environmental Geosciences. 2009. № 16. Pp. 1-239.

9. Moiseenko, T.I. Rudneva, I.I. Global pollution and nitrogen functions in the hydrosphere // Doklady Akademii Nauk — Lectures of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2008, Vol. 420. № 3. Pp. 676-680. (in Russian).

10. Moiseenko, T.I. Zakislenie vod: faktory, mehanizmy i jekologicheskie posledstvija [Acidification of Water: Factors, Mechanisms and Ecological Consequences]. Moscow: Nauka, 2003. 276 p. (in Russian).

11. Moiseenko, T.I., Kudrjavceva, L.P., Gashkina, N.A. Rassejannye jelementy v poverhnostnyh vodah sushi: tehnofil'nost', bioakkumuljacija i jekotoksikologija Dispersed Elements in Surface Inland Waters: Technophily, Bioaccumulation, and Ecotoxicology. Мoscow: Nauka, 2006. 261 p. (in Russian).

12. Moiseenko, T.I., Gashkina, N.A., Dinu, M.I., Kremleva, T.A., Khoroshavin, V.Yu. Aquatic geochemistry of small lakes: effects of environment changes // International Journal of Geochemisrty. 2013. № 13.

13. EPA. (United States Environmental Protection Agency, http://www.epa.com) International Council on Metals and the Environment. Persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity. Washington: Parametrix Inc., 1995. 93 p.

14. Radiacija, zhizn', razum [Radiation, Life, Mind]. Moscow: Rosatom, 2011. 104 p.

(in Russian).

15. Bol'shakov, V.N., Moiseenko, T.I. Anthropogenic Evolution of Animals: Facts and Their Interpretation. Jekologija — Ecology. 2009. № 5. Pp. 323-332. (in Russian).

16. Walker, C.H., Hopkin, S.P., Sibly, R.M., Peakall, D.B. Principles of Ecotoxicology (Second Edition). London: Taylor&Francis Ltd. 2001. 307 p.

17. Shvarc, S.S. Jekologicheskie zakonomernosti jevoljucii [Environmental laws of evolution]. Moscow: Nauka, 1980. 278 p. (in Russian).

18. Moiseenko, T.I. Vodnaja toksikologija: fundamental'nye i prikladnye aspekty [Aquatic Ecotoxicology: Fundamental and Applied Aspects]. Moscow: Nauka. 2009. 400 p. (in Russian).

19. Moiseenko, T.I. Critical Load Theory and its Application to the Definition of the Effects of Acid-Forming Substances on Surface Waters. Doklady RAN — Lectures of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2001. Vol. 378. Pp. 250-253. (in Russian).